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The fast of Ramadan is
obligatory. The evidence
from the Qur'an consists of
the following two verses:
"O you who believe, fasting
is prescribed for you as it
was prescribed for the peo-
ple before you in order for
you to gain God conscious-
ness..."

And,
"...The month of Ramadan,
during which the Qur'an
was revealed, a guidance
for mankind, and clear
proofs of the guidance and
the criterion; and whoever
of you is resident, let him
fast the month"[al-Baqarah
185]
From the sunnah we have
the following statements of
the Prophet:
The virtues of fasting
during Ramadan